Agriculture production has long been a staple of the economy in El Campo and Wharton County. The early days of settlement in the area saw many cattle raisers taking advantage of the vast prairie land. Then, rice as a commercial crop began to flourish in the area, with Wharton County soon becoming the largest producer of rice in the state of Texas. In addition to cattle and rice, the area produces other crops such as cotton, corn, grain sorghum, soybeans, wheat and sesame.
Oil & Gas
Since the first active oil production site was established in nearby Iago in the 1930s, oil and gas production has become a wealth generator and economic driver, promoting the establishment of many oil and gas related companies.
The area's ample affordable real estate and a healthy labor force has helped propel this segment into an important source of economic diversity for the region.
Although a relative newcomer to the economic scene for the area, aquaculture is fast becoming a critical piece to the economic engine of Wharton County. Once again, the area's natural resources contribute to the rising influence of this industry.